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Parathyroid Problems

What are parathyroid glands?

Parathyroid glands, located near the back of the thyroid gland, produce parathyroid hormones (PTH) and control the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the body.

What happens if a parathyroid gland becomes enlarged?

Parathyroid glands are very small, but they can become enlarged and produce too much PTH, leading to too much calcium in the blood. When a parathyroid gland becomes enlarged, it is called primary hyperparathyroidism.

How do I know if I have primary hyperparathyroidism?

Primary hyperparathyroidism doesn’t always show symptoms of itself, or if it does, they are very mild. To diagnose parathyroid problems, you’ll need to take a blood test. Elevated PTH, blood calcium, alkaline phosphatase, and low levels of phosphorus will indicate the condition to your doctor. 

What are the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism?

Most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism have mild symptoms and their disease is detected on routine biochemical screening. The symptoms of hyperparathyroidism can be vague ranging from weak/brittle bones, stomach upset, kidney stones, and psychological symptoms such as “brain fog”.

What if I am found to have hyperparathyroidism based on my blood tests?

Untreated primary hyperparathyroidism can have negative health consequences over time. If you are found to have hyperparathyroidism, please contact our office and schedule an appointment with one of our otolaryngologists to discuss medical and surgical treatment options.